Health Care

What is Diabetes?

Written by Maria Rashid

Little History of diabetes

Let’s start with the numbers, about how many people are dying because of this disease every year in the world. According to the report of medical health, about 1.6 million people are died because of this disease around the globe in 2016. Pakistan is one of the nineteen countries of IDF MENA region and there were 74,74000 cases of diabetes in 2017. Now in Pakistan, a rough estimate indicates that about the person out of four persons in a patient of diabetes.

Types of diabetes

If diabetes is out of control blood sugar levels can lead to short term problems like hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia or a diabetic ketoacidosis. In the long run, not controlling diabetes can damage important organs, like kidneys, hearts, eyes and nervous. Actually, there are two main types of diabetes type-1 and type-2. In type-1 diabetes, the beta cells of pancreas are mistakenly attacked and destroyed by the immune system. Type-2 is the most common form, accounting for around 90-95 percent of all cases. This occurs when the body cells stop responding to insulin, or the beta cells are unable to produce sufficient amount of hormone.

Solution of diabetes without medications

Many people can keep their blood glucose in a healthy range without medications. If they lose weight and keep their weight down, are regularly physically active and follow a meal plan that keep them portion sizes under control. Diet plan is very important to control or fight with any disease, so we should give our focus to it. Raw, cooked and roasted vegetables, melon or berries, whole grains or higher fiber foods and protein rich diet can help you to get out of this disease if you are suffering from it. 

About the author

Maria Rashid

Maria Rashid is an MBBS student and an aspiring writer. Fond of searching and reading articles and spreading the information to others as well.

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